Who's Who in Electronic Voting

A - C
Jim Adler, Kim Alexander, Faye Anerson, Ken Blackwell, Gineen Bresso, David Burnham, David Chaum, Mae Churchill, Lillie Coney, Lorrie Cranor

D - H
Donetta L. Davidson, Paul S. DeGregorio, David Dill, Jim Dixon, Ronnie Dugger, Chuck Hagel, Bev Harris, Katherine Harris, Gracia M. Hillman, Rush Holt, Glenda E. Hood Caroline C. Hunter

I - N
Douglas Jones, Lynn Landes, R. Doug Lewis, Martha Mahoney, Raymundo Martinez, III, Rebecca Mercuri, Peter Neumann

O - Z
Walden O'Dell, Sam Reed, Ron Rivest, Rosemary E. Rodriguez Marc Rotenberg, Avi Rubin, Roy G. Saltman, Bruce Schneier, Ted Selker, Michael Shamos, Kevin Shelley, Barbara Simons, DeForest B. Soaries, Darryl R. Wold

Jim Adler
Founder and former CEO of Vote Here, an electronic voting machine company which used an encryption technique called VHTi, not a paper audit trail, to verify voting. See Adler's blog, and his paper " Confidence -- What it is and How to achieve it"(pdf).

Kim Alexander
Kim Alexander is the president of the California Voter Foundation, a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization she founded in 1994 to advance new technologies to improve democracy. See her biography page.

Faye Anderson
Faye Anderson is a documentary film maker, who made a film about the Florida November 2004 Presidential Election. She is also a journalist and author.

Ken Blackwell
Ohio Secretary of State, has opposedverified voter paper ballots on the grounds that they are costly, impractical and unnecessary. See his official web sitefor bio and other information.

David Burnham
A member of the National Committee for Verified Voting and one the first journalists in history to call public attention to the issue of electronic voting. For an archived online version of his July 29, 1985 New York Times article, see " Computerized Systems for Voting Seen as Vulnerable to Tampering."

Gineen Bresso
Served as a Member of the US Election Assistance Commission 2008-2011). Republican, prior to joining the Commission she served as minority election counsel for the House Committee on Administration. She Chaired the Election Assistance Commission in 2009.

David Chaum
A member of the National Committee for Verified Voting, developed a two-layered, encrypted receipt system for voter verification of votes via DRE voting machines. See "Elections with Unconditionally Secret Ballots and Disruption Equivalent to Breaking RSA," (Advances in Cryptology EUROCRYPT '88, .G. Gunther (Ed.), Springer-Verlag, pp. 177-182) and his web site.

Mae Churchill
Major civil liberties activist who founded the Los Angeles-based Election Watch, an organization which investigated stories of election irregularities across the country. Although she died in 1996, Mae Churchill inspired many prominent electronic voting activists today, including NCVI chairman Peter Neumann and NCVI member Rebecca Mercuri.

Lillie Coney
Associate Director with the Electronic Information Center (EPIC) and Coordinator of the National Committee for Voting Integrity(NCVI).

Lorrie Cranor
Associate Research Professor, ISRI, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon. Cranor's primary interest is online privacy. She maintains a popular electronic voting hotlist.

Donetta L. Davidson
Served on the US Election Assistance Commission from 2005-2011. Republican, prior to her appointment to the Commission she served as Colorado's Secretary of State.

Paul S. DeGregorio
Commissioner of the Election Assistance Commission. Republican, an executive vice president of the pro-electronic voting International Foundation for Election Systemsand former director of elections for St. Louis County, Missouri.

David Dill
Professor of Computer Scienceand, by courtesy, Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. Primary research interests relate to the theory and application of formal verification techniques to system designs, including hardware, protocols, and software. Member of the National Committee for Voting Integrity and founder of the Verified Voting Foundation.

Jim Dixon
Vice President, American Association of People with Disabilities, actively campaigns against the adoption of voter verified paper ballots because of concern that it will slow adoption of DRE machines and limit access to voting by the handicapped.

Ronnie Dugger
Founder and chairman of the Alliance for Democracy, wrote one of the first mainstream media articles calling the public's attention to electronic voting issues: Annals of Democracy: Counting Votes, The New Yorker, November 7, 1988.

Chuck Hagel
Current U.S. Senator(R-NE), former president of electronic voting machine manufacturer Election Systems & Software(then called American Information Systems.) Hagel was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2002.

Bev Harris
Prominent voting activist, Author of Blackbox Voting, the first reports charging that security flaws in Diebold voting machines exposes them to fraud or errors.

Katherine Harris
Former U.S. Congresswoman (R-FL), former Florida Secretary of State. Unsuccessful campaign to fill Florida US Senate seat. At the center of controversy which ultimately led to an acceleration in the nationwide adoption of electronic voting machines. See Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris defends actions in November election, CNN Online, January 12, 2001.

Gracia M. Hillman
Vice-chair, U.S. Served on the US Election Assistance Commission from 2003-2010. Democrat, former executive director of the League of Women Votersand former senior coordinator of international women's issues at the State Department See Statement Of Gracia M. Hillman, Vice Chair U.S. Election Assistance Commission Before The U.S. Commission On Civil Rights July 15, 2004.

Rush Holt
Current U.S. Congressman (NJ-12th), sponsor of The Voter Confidence and Increased Accessibility Act of 2003 ( H.R. 2239). The bill requires all voting systems to produce a voter-verified paper record for use in manual audits and recounts, bans the use of undisclosed software and wireless communications devices in voting systems, requires all voting systems to meet these requirements in time for the general election in November 2004, requires that electronic voting system be provided for persons with disabilities by January 1, 2006 -- one year earlier than currently required by HAVA and requires mandatory surprise recounts in 0.5% of domestic jurisdictions and 0.5% of overseas jurisdictions. See Representative Rush Holt on Paper Voting Trails and Restoring Voter Confidence, Buzzflash interview February 10, 2004.

Glenda E. Hood
Current Secretary of State, Florida. See Congressman's suit seeking voting machine paper trail dismissed, Miami Herald, AP, February 11, 2004.

Caroline C. Hunter

Douglas W. Jones
Professor of Computer Science, University of Iowa, member of National Committee for Voting Integrity. Frequently-cited electronic voting expert See his extensive voting web siteand his home page.

Lynn Landes
A freelance journalist who specializes in voting, the environment, and health issues. See her extensive voting web siteat ecotalk.org and her online bio.

R. Doug Lewis
Director of the Election Center, an international service organization of voter registrars and elections administrators. The Election Center provides staff services to the National Association of State Election Directors (NASED) for the voting systems program and certifies Independent Testing Authorities for the purpose of certifying voting systems. See " Testimony of R. Doug Lewis for Senate Government Affairs Committee May 9, 2001" and " The Election Center and R. Doug Lewis", by Bev Harris, Scoop, August 11, 2003.

Martha Mahoney
Professor at the University of Miami School of Lawand member of the Miami-Dade Election Reform Coalition. See her web siteand Florida e-voting data lost, then found, by Michael Hardy, FCW.com, August 2, 2004.

Raymundo Martinez III
Commissioner of the Election Assistance CommissionDemocrat; a lawyer from Austin, Texas, former presidential assistant for intergovernmental affairs and former and Department of Health and Human Services staff person, both with the Clinton administration.

Rebecca Mercuri
Professorof Computer Science, founder and president of Notable Software and Knowledge Concepts, nationally renown expert of electronic voting systems, and former member of National Committee for Voting Integrity. See her electronic voting web site. She was requested to submit testimony in Bush v Gore as well as numerous other landmark voting cases. Her website notablesoftware.com/evote.htmlis a primary resource for material on this subject

Peter Neumann
Principle Scientist, SRI International Computer Science Laboratory, Author of RISK, long time advocate for voting techology and election system reform. He is a member of the EPIC Board of Directors and Chairs the National Committee for Voting Integrity.

Walden O'Dell
Chief Executive of voting machine manufacturer Diebold, Inc and formermajor fund raiser for the Republican party. Famous for his remarks in a fund raising letter in 2003 which said he was "committed to helping Ohio deliver its electoral votes to the president next year." See Diebold bans its executives from politics, Julie Carr Smyth, Plain Dealer Bureau, June 24, 2004.

Sam Reed
Secretary of State for the State of Washington.

Ron Rivest
Professorat the Andrew and Erna Viterbi Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in MIT's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. He is a member of MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), a member of the lab's Theory of Computation Group and a founder of its Cryptography and Information Security Group. He is also a founder of RSA Data Security (now merged with Security Dynamics to form RSA Security) and of Peppercoin. Professor Rivest has research interests in cryptography, computer and network security, electronic voting, and algorithms. He is also a member of the U.S. Election Assistance Commission's(EAC), Technical Guidlines Development Committee(TGDC)

Rosemary E. Rodriguez
Served on the US Elections Assistance Commission 2007-2009. Democrat, prior to joining the Commission she served as a Denver City Council member.

Marc Rotenberg
Is the founder and Director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center(EPIC), which launched a new project the National Committee for Voting Integrityin response to the highly energized touchscreen votingdebate.

Avi Rubin
Professor, Johns Hopkins Universityfirst author of the much noted Hopkins' studyof Diebold's AccuVote-TS direct recording electronic(DRE) voting system, Technical Director, Johns Hopkins University Information Security Institute.

Roy G. Saltman
Author of the earliest government studies of voting systems in the United States.

Bruce Schneier
Founderand CTO of Counterpane Internet Security, Inc.An author an nternationally known for his work on computer security. He is a member of the EPIC Board of Directors and the National Committee for Voting Integrity.

Ted Selker
Associate Professor at the MIT Media and Arts Technology Laboratory and the Director of the Context Aware Computing Lab. Prior to joining MIT faculty in November 1999, Ted directed the User Systems Ergonomics Research Lab at the IBM Almaden Research Center, where he became IBM Fellow in 1996. He has served as a consulting professor at Stanford University, taught at Hampshire, University of Massachusetts at Amherst and Brown Universities and worked at Xerox, PARC and Atari Research Labs.

Michael Shamos
Principal Systems Scientist, Language Technologies Institute; Director, Universal Library; Co-Director, Institute for eCommerce, GSIA, School of Computer Science. Runs the technology side of the MSEC Program - Carnegie Mellon Business School. His research interests are in digital libraries, electronic payment systems, electronic voting, electronic negotiation, Internet law and policy, and experimental mathematics. Expert witness for voting technology vendors in court challenges conducted in several states including Maryland and California.

Kevin Shelley
Secretary of State for the State of California. He is credited with being one of the first state Election Officials to call for tougher electronic voting standardsand a paper voting option for voters in his state.

Barbara Simons
President of the Association for Computing Machinery(ACM) from July 1998 until June 2000 and Secretary of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents in 1999. Current Co-Chair of the ACM's Public Policy Committee(USACM) She is a member of the EPIC Board of Directors and the National Committee for Voting Integrity.

DeForest B. Soaries, Jr.
Chairman, Election Assistance Commission. Republican, a Baptist minister, former New Jersey Secretary of State under then-Gov. Christine Todd. Has argued that critics of electronic voting systems are blowing the problem out of proportion. Shortly after the commission came into existence in January 2004, Soaries told the National Association of Secretaries of State "We have some flaws, but the truth is that the error rates are very small, with all technologies," he said. "Legislators are proposing solutions to a problem that doesn't exist. They're talking about 'What if?' scenarios." See Election Panel Tells States Money Will Be Coming, by Dan Keating, Washington Post, February 17, 2004.

Darryl R. Wold
Former Chairman of the Federal Elections Commission